In 2019 I had the opportunity to buy a 20 years old industrial robot (VKR 200/2) from Kuka including control unit (VKR C1), programming device (KCP1) and a universal gripper (Schunk PGN+125/1AS) from Leonidis Demontage for ~1500€.
The robot can carry up to 200kg and still has a repeatability of 0.3mm. In principle, the VKR 200 corresponds to a KR 200 adapted to the needs of the Volkswagen group. So the V stands for Volkswagen. The same applies to the VKR C1 control system.
It is important to know that the operating mode selector switch, also known as the keyswitch, has only two positions at VW (automatic external and manual operation), instead of the usual 4 modes (T1, T2, automatic, automatic external). By appropriate wiring of the inputs, see below, one can select whether in the manual mode, the T1 or T2 mode is active, but the normal automatic mode can to my knowledge not be realized with the VKRC1 even with all soldering around on the KCP.
I hope to be able to describe the manipulation of the automatic external mode at a later time here in a seperate article. In the meantime lets get back to the basics.
The VKR C1 or KR C1 contains an industrial PC based on Windows 95 (special version for Kuka).
The actual Kuka software runs on this PC.
The standard graphic output is to the programming handset.
The connection to the control electronics for the servo motors is established via an input/output card with ISA interface.
Since the functional scope of the VKR C1 is reduced in comparison to the KR C1, the following describes how to get the VKR C1 controller out of its slumber and transform it into a KR C1.
Steps before putting into operation:
Now the VKR C1 should first boot into Windows 95 and then start the Kuka software.
If the PC is running noticeably slow, the following measures should be considered:
Steps to Upgrade to KR C1:
The hard disk contains two partitions. The second partition contains the installation files for Windows 95 and the Kuka VKR C1 software. In the following, Windows 95 will be reinstalled and the more complete KR C1 software will be installed instead of the VKR C1 software.
Bridging securities for stand-alone operation:
The XS2 connector is used to give the robot a series of clearances before it can be driven. This is intended for operation in a production line. For the stand-alone operation a few bridges have to be made according to the following picture at this connector.
To my opinion the bridge B7 to B9 is not necessary. It is supposed to activate the operating mode T2 when switching to manual mode on the KCP. When bridging B7 with B8 instead, you will get into T1. When not bridging B7 at all, then you will also activate T2. This has for me however the additional advantage that in automatic mode I do not get a ,Gate open‘ error.
Initialization of the robot:
After the initial installation, the software prompts you to master all 6 axes. Each axis of the robot must be moved one after the other to a defined position and stored in the Kuka software. The procedure is described in detail in the operating instructions in the chapter Start-Up/Robot mastering.
It may be necessary to acknowledge existing error messages before the procedure. To do this, use the blue key to switch to the message window and acknowledge all messages at the bottom.
To move the robot, set the operating mode selector switch to "Manual". Then select the "+-" mode in the upper left corner of the KCP. Then press one of the three enabling keys on the back of the KCP and move the axes 1 to 6 one after the other using the keys on the right. After adjusting one axis, you can move this axis to another position before you adjust the next axis, because beware, as long as the robot is not fixed to the ground, it quickly becomes unstable as soon as you move the second axis over the vertical. At the bottom right of the screen you can adjust the manual speed. For fine adjustment you should choose 1% or 3%.
If you have pressed "Master" too early for an axis, you can also unmaster an axis via the menu.
If you judge the dial gauge too expensive, then you can press the gauge cartridge manually with a pen or screwdriver with a third hand. If you have a little bit of sensitivity in your fingers, then you should feel the lowest point of the reference notch.
After mastering, the robot should be ready for operation.
You must switch to expert mode for various manipulations:
A very big thank you goes to Helmut Rohe. Without his help I would not have reached my goal so quickly.